Studies of Egyptology at Ain-Shams-University of Cairo;
Doctoral studies at Humboldt-University of Berlin/GDR, Institute of Asian and African Studies, Department of Egyptology and Sudan Archaeology;
Doctoral Thesis: “Researches of the Origins of the 25th Dynasty” (1962)
1990-1993 President of the Egyptian Antiquities Organisation (EAO).
M.i.N. Museen im Nildelta - Museums in the Nile Delta